How To Level A Driveway: Step By Step Guide
When you walk up and down the street and see all the marvellous driveways that people have installed in their front gardens, it can be very easy to focus on the end look and not the work that went into creating the highly beneficial home improvement.
Designing and building a driveway can be a long process, with much more work going into creating the end look than what many people initially realise.
From designing the layout to excavating the ground and preparing the sub-base, driveway construction is not the quickest of projects, unless you opt for a professional installation.
One step that is crucial to ensuring a brilliant end look, and that can’t be missed for a smooth finish, is levelling a driveway. How to level a driveway is a simple process but one that can take a fair bit of time to get right.
To account for the multiple types of driveway out there, we’re going to be taking a look three methods for how to level a driveway: the methods for gravel, concrete, and resin bound surfaces.
Once you’re certain that the base of the driveway is as level as possible (using a compacter will provide the best levelled base), the first layer of gravel should be raked or shovelled onto the prepared ground
How to Level a Gravel Driveway
Levelling a gravel driveway, compared to other driveway types, is perhaps the most forgiving process as any areas that aren’t quite level, the gravel will mostly disguise. However, levelling the gravel properly is still an important step in how to build the driveway.
Here are the three steps for levelling a gravel driveway:
Step 1: Level the Base & Prepare the Ground:
Once you’re certain that the base of the driveway is as level as possible (using a compacter will provide the best levelled base), the first layer of gravel should be raked or shovelled onto the prepared ground.
Step 2: Repeatedly Tamper The Gravel:
The laid gravel can then be tampered until it’s level. This process should be repeated for every layer of gravel that you add.
Step 3: Add A Crown & Create A Good Gradiant:
The final step is to add a crown in the centre of the driveway and make sure that it’s compact. Creating a good gradient will help to prevent drainage problems.
For small driveways, using gravel grid tiles can help you to create a level finish. The grid tiles are laid before the gravel is added to the driveway and help to prevent the gravel shifting
How to Level a Concrete Driveway
Getting a good level on a new concrete driveway is mostly dependant on the boundaries that are constructed before the concrete is laid and the quality of soil compaction and ground preparation before construction.
The boundaries should be designed to ensure that the concrete is level and contained after it’s being poured, with a screed board being used to flatten and fully level the freshly poured concrete.
You’ll often find that most concrete driveways, and other types of driveway, aren’t designed to be completely level, but in fact are sloped gradually to allow for proper drianage.
However, that doesn’t mean that the driveway can’t become out of level over time – a problem often caused by poor soil preparation.
To re-level a concrete driveway, professional tools are normally required, so it’s often best to call in the experts. The exact levelling process used can change, but commonly you’ll find that the levelling process includes these steps:
Step 1: Identify the Issues & Drill Holes In the Surface:
The contractor will identify where the driveway is not to the correct level and drill holes in the surface; these will be about 1 inch wide.
Step 2: Inject An Aggregate Mixture Into The Voids
The holes will be used to inject an aggregate mixture which will fill in the void that has formed underneath the concrete.
Step 3: Level the Concrete & Leave to Cure
The injection will help to lift the concrete and level it, then it will need to be left to cure.
Where the unlevel surface can’t be fixed by injecting a filler, it can often be possible to apply a new layer of concrete to the top of the driveway
How to Level a Resin Bound Driveway
Levelling a resin bound driveway is a relatively simply job when compared to gravel and concrete, mainly because the levelling process after the base has been installed is mostly done by hand.
However, it’s still a process that is best left to the professionals to ensure a perfect finish.
For a resin bound driveway, much of the levelling process will have already been performed when creating the solid base, so laying the resin is just like adding icing to the top of a cake!
The professional resin driveway installers will:
- Trowel the resin and aggregate mixture onto the prepared base of the driveway and make sure that it’s evenly distributed.
- Smooth the resin mixture out by hand, working on a small section at a time to ensure that the layer is completely even and to the correct grade.
- Move onto the next section and repeat the process until the whole driveway has been laid.
As the final layer of a resin driveway is laid by hand, with each section being perfected before moving onto the next, the finish of the driveway is almost always picture perfect and incredibly smooth!
If you would like to learn more about the process involved in installing a resin driveway, Home Logic are the experienced experts to call!
You can book a free survey with one of the resin driveway experts at Home Logic straight through our website. Simply call 0800 1700 636, or click the button below, to get the ball rolling today!