How To Fix Standing Water In Driveway: What's The Solution?
Does your driveway become a swimming pool after a good, ol’ British downpour? You’re not alone.
Poorly laid driveways are causing problems across the UK, with water simply sitting on the surface, and settling into dips; causing all kinds of issues that are costly to fix, and even downright dangerous.
Choosing a driveway surface that is permeable, and having it correctly laid is the best way to avoid this issue, and luckily there are some great solutions, as the following article reveals…
Driveway Legislation: The Lowdown
Some years ago, it was noticed that many homes that previously had leafy gardens to the front were being paved over, and turned into driveways. It was realised that this was causing issues with urban flooding, as rain water and water from the roads had nowhere to go.
Often, it was entering the road drainage system, rather than sinking into the ground. This was also causing issues for wildlife, and destroying natural habitats. In response, new legislation was developed to ensure that new driveways and replacements would meet criteria for drainage.
Planning permission rules were developed that stated that new driveways over five squared metres needed to be made from a permeable surface such as gravel or asphalt or that drainage must be included to move water onto nearby lawns or borders.
If homeowners wished to lay a driveway that was more traditional, they would need to gain planning permission.
In fact a recent report on the Urban Flood Risk suggested that one in seven homebuyers will be buying homes that could face a potential flood risk. This includes: 23% of London homebuyers, 21% in Manchester and 20% in Cardiff.
These figures have also increased over the last two years – showing that the problem is getting worse. The reasons for this are varied, but the issue of a lack of run-off for heavy rain is one of the main concerns in built up and concreted areas.
Drainage issues don't only affect your driveway itself-they can also cause issues for wildlife, by destroying their natural habitats as the water enters the road, instead of sinking into the ground itself.
Why Do I Have Water On My Driveway?
In most cases, the problem of standing water comes down to the surface that has been laid. Paving stones, some types of concrete, traditional pavers, such as bricks, and some stone surfaces simply will not allow water to penetrate.
While this makes them a great material for the walls of your home, it is not ideal for your driveway. Water that hits these surfaces will simply run towards the lowest point, and stay there, forming pools and puddles in the process.
Even if your driveway has been built with drainage to accommodate average rainfall, it may not take into account the climate that many of us deal with these days. Heavy rain, snow and hail can all lead to huge volumes of water in short spaces of time, ensuring your drainage system is quickly overwhelmed.
Your driveway may also have been laid poorly. If there are significant dips, or the drive is sloped in the wrong direction, the water will pool wherever it can. This comes down to the skill of the contractor, and is hard to fix if done incorrectly. You may need to have it completely re levelled to achieve a more uniform surface.
Standing water on your driveway makes for a shockingly slippery surface-inviting algae to grow, which will require regular cleaning
Standing Water On Driveway: Problems And Pitfalls
● Standing water can freeze and make your driveway dangerous and slippery. It may especially cause black ice that you cannot see until you have slipped on it.
● Standing water can seep into the cracks in your driveway, and when frozen, will expand, causing damage and potholes.
● Standing water can cause algae to grow on the surface of your driveway, making it dirty, unsightly and slippery. You will also need to clean it off regularly.
● Standing water that sits next to your home can cause damp to seep into the walls, leading to mould inside your home.
As you can see, choosing the right material for your driveway and having it correctly laid is essential.
Standing Water In Driveway: Why Prevention’s Better Than Cure
In most cases, there really isn’t much that can be done once the driveway has been laid – this is all about prevention.
However, it may be possible to add drainage channels to the areas where there is the most build up of water. These are designed to channel the water towards lawned areas, or into drains.
It could also be possible to relay paving stones and angle them towards borders or drains. Clearly this work can be intrusive and may not work well.
When deciding on a driveway surface, you should always plump for a permeable material to ensure effective drainage, and keep wanton water in check
Problems With Standing Water? Here’s How To Prevent Them…
There are a number of great options when it comes to a surface that will allow the free drainage of water from your driveway. The first and often the most popular is a simple gravel driveway that is laid over a simple permeable fabric weed control barrier.
This can be a perfect low cost option for improving your driveway, and solving the standing water issue; however, gravel driveways require lots of maintenance, and the gravel needs to be topped up regularly, as it tends to sink into the soft earth.
Additionally, gravel driveways can become rutted and pitted – leaving spaces where puddles can form – the exact thing you are trying to avoid.
Concrete and certain types of asphalt are also reasonable options for drainage as they are mostly permeable. However both of these surfaces can be unattractive and may not last as long as you would want. They can also be prone to dips that can cause standing water and lead to cracks.
Resin Bound Surfacing: The Standing Water Solution
One of the best surfaces for reducing and even eliminating standing water is a resin bound driveway surface. This combination of resin and gravel is mixed together and trowelled onto a prepared surface base.
The result is a flat and permeable driveway, that can be angled in any direction, and is free of dips and holes. It is also crack-free, as it is laid in one section, so water has nowhere to settle.
Because the gravel is bound into the resin, and not covered by it as it would be with other resin driveway options, water can still make its way through the material easily.
The key to the permeability of a resin bound driveway is in its sub base. Usually resin bound driveways are laid onto a permeable concrete base that is carefully laid over earth and flattened stone subsoils.
This offers free drainage and helps to ensure that all water soaks away. There is not usually any need for additional drainage.
Resin bound driveways are long lasting and beautiful, but for anyone concerned about the environment, and the issue of urban flooding, ensuring your driveway meets water drainage expectations is a must. Resin bound material meets all of the criteria and more – making it the ideal choice for old and new homes alike.
As a perfectly porous material, resin bound surfacing is fully SUDs compliant, adhering to the very latest driveway regulations
Is Resin Surfacing Fully SUDs Compliant?
Absolutely! As a perfectly porous material, resin bound surfacing enables highly effective drainage-preventing pesky pools and puddles from forming on the surface (and the slipperiness that comes with it.)
By channelling water effectively, resin bound material stops standing water in its tracks, reducing the risk of floods, and the troubles they trail in their wake.
But what exactly is SUDs legislation, and why was it first developed?
In short, our persistently rainy climate puts homes at the risk of localised flooding-with surface water unable to drain away at an adequate rate. The predominant reason for this problem is that current drainage systems are unable to cope with such high volumes of water at once-a factor which is both detrimental to our driveway, and the immediate area that surrounds it.
To combat this challenge, the government decided that homeowners must fulfill one of two conditions: suitable 'on-property drainage', or in the case of non-permeable driveway materials, obtain Planning Permission beforehand.
Due to new regulations, driveways constructed after October 2008, or older drives repaired or extended after 2008, have to comply with all SUDs rules and stipulations. The primary stipulation is that water must not run off the property and into public area, such as the roadway outside.
From enhanced longevity, to increased durability and resilience to weather, resin bound surfacing is far from a one trick pony!
What Else Does Resin Bound Surfacing Offer My Home?
Where to begin?! From considerable kerb appeal, to ultra-low maintenance requirements, resin bound surfacing is an incredibly multi-purpose material, enabling you to resolve multiple driveway problems at once.
Compared to traditional surfacing types, resin has several distinct advantages.
Firstly, if installed by an accredited contractor, it lasts far longer overall. Generally speaking, you're looking at an average lifespan of 25 years or more-making it a highly affordable choice for those looking at living in their home long-term.
Secondly, it can be installed in a relatively short space of time. This particular factor refers to refurbishment projects, where it is perfectly viable to lay the new resin bound layer over an existing concrete or asphalt surface-provided it's still in a relatively sound state, and not requiring preliminary repairs.
Lastly, the enhanced durability of the surface means that it is very hard-wearing, making it an ideal option for driveways with heavy vehicle use. This proves particularly beneficial for customers with more than one car, or who keep a company van parked on their drive on a daily basis.
Of course resin surfacing has many more benefits than those mentioned above-our article aims to give you an enticing taster of what's in store if you opt for this type of surface...
Your driveway is as unique as you are, and our free site survey surface provides you with the opportunity to gain a customised quote-and some invaluable advice from the experts. Take the first step to achieving a puddle-free surface today, by calling 0800 1700 636, or by simply clicking the button below!